What is biofuel?

The Biofuel, in general, is fuel from biomass (material derived from plants and animals). Every biofuel product is made differently. As an example, ethanol gets produced by fermentation of corn or sugar cane, while biodiesel is produced by destroying animal fat or plants with methanol. The crude type of palm oil through a process of transesterification, which is reacting chemically with alcohols like the methanol or ethanol to produce biodiesel. Meanwhile, you can also check out the books written by Daniel Ballerini if you wish to learn more about biofuel.

How are biofuels produced?

There are two main types of biofuel feedstock: can be consumed and cannot be consumed. Human food products such as sugar, starch, or vegetable oil are used as biofuels through conventional methods of transesterification (as mentioned above). Biofuel can also be produced from money crops, wastes from agricultural sectors, and other residues that cannot be used or eaten by mankind using superior technology such like the hydrocracking. In its process, the raw material is broken down in the presence of hydrogen to produce biofuel. What’s interesting is that raw materials such as palm oil can be used to produce biofuels through conventional and advanced methods depending on the situation.

Where can biofuels be used?

Biofuel is often an alternative to conventional fuels used to power our vehicles. However, biofuels can be used for all human energy needs. The use of biofuels includes:

Transportation: Cars, buses, motorbikes, trains, airplanes and water vehicles

Power Plant: Electrical equipment

Heaters: Stoves and other cooking utensils

Is biofuel the right energy alternative?

The world has experienced melting of the ice surface, rising air temperatures, and natural disasters. Scientists point out that one of the main reasons for this drastic climate change is the result of consuming fossil fuels excessively and the release of greenhouse gases into a thinning atmosphere.

According to the United States Department of Energy, biofuels such as ethanol produce carbon dioxide up to 48 percent less than conventional gasoline while the use of biodiesel only releases a quarter of the amount of carbon dioxide released by conventional diesel. This is a far more environmentally friendly choice compared to fossil fuels.